In 2012 the Olympic Games were held to London, the city where New Zealand's Olympic story began in 1908. Kiwi athletes have produced plenty of memorable moments over the years, but the Summer Games have also been marred by boycotts, controversy and tragedy.
New Zealand has earned a reputation for punching above its weight at the Games. In 1984, at Los Angeles, New Zealand finished eighth on the medal table with 11, including a staggering eight golds. This was three more than Great Britain and − more importantly for many Kiwis − twice the tally of our former Olympic teammates, Australia.
The first official New Zealand team in 1920 set the pattern. There were only four athletes in the team but each performed strongly. Darcy Hadfield kicked off New Zealand’s fine rowing tradition with bronze in the single sculls, while 15-year-old swimmer Violet Walrond, our first female Olympian, finished fifth in the 100-m freestyle final.
New Zealand’s first individual gold medal winner, Ted Morgan, literally punched above his weight when he triumphed at Amsterdam in 1928. A relative unknown before the Games, Morgan had to overcome a step up to the welterweight class (because he had put on weight during the long voyage from New Zealand) and a dislocated knuckle to claim gold.
In 1992 New Zealand’s Annelise Coberger became the first person from the Southern Hemisphere to win a medal at the Winter Olympics when she took silver in the slalom at Albertville in France. It remains this country's only Winter Games medal.
Only two competitors have represented New Zealand at both Summer and Winter Olympics: Madonna Harris (cross-country skiing and cycling) and Chris Nicholson (speed skating and cycling).
In the 104 years to 2012 (including London), New Zealanders have won 103 Olympic medals − 43 gold, 18 silver and 42 bronze − including one (silver) at the Winter Games. Runners like Jack Lovelock, Peter Snell and John Walker have cemented their places not only New Zealand’s sporting history but in the Olympic story. Others achieved their own personal podium finishes simply by getting to the Games.
New Zealand women have won gold nine times (including three in London in 2012). Yvette Williams was the first, winning the long jump at Helsinki in 1952. It would be another 40 years before windsurfer Barbara Kendall followed suit at Barcelona. At Athens in 2004 cyclist Sarah Ulmer was victorious in the 3000-m individual pursuit. Rowing twins Georgina and Caroline Evers-Swindell won the double sculls at both Athens (2004) and Beijing (2008), while Valerie Vili claimed gold in the shot put at both Beijing (2008) and, as Valerie Adams, London (2012). In 2012 Lisa Carrington won the K1 200-m and
New Zealand enjoyed its most successful era at the Olympics between 1984 (Los Angeles) and 1992 (Barcelona), winning a total of 34 medals (including 12 golds) at three Games. New Zealand’s highest total number of Olympic medals at an Olympics is 13: this was achieved at both the 1988 Seoul and 2012 London Games. Six golds were won at London and three in Seoul. The most golds (eight) were won at Los Angeles in 1984. The five medals won at Beijing on 16 August 2008 are the most this country has ever achieved in a single day at the Olympics.
As an island nation, it is perhaps not surprising that New Zealand has done well in water events: 26 of our 43 golds have been won in or on the water; sailors have won eight, rowers nine and canoeists six. Peter Snell is perhaps our most famous Olympian, with three golds in the glamour middle-distance track events. But canoeist Ian Ferguson has been our most successful competitor − in a career spanning five Games between 1976 and 1992, he won four gold medals and one silver.
New Zealand’s early Olympians had to overcome high costs and long distances to participate at the Games. The 1920 team took nine weeks to get to Antwerp, and Violet Walrond’s father accompanied her as a chaperone. The 2012 team flew to London in about 24 hours. Modern Olympians are backed by a vast team of support staff, with doctors, physiotherapists, dieticians, chefs, managers and officials attempting to meet their every need. At London, where interior designers helped create a home away from home for the New Zealand athletes in the Olympic Village, they even have their own coffee machine. Every possible angle is covered to help the athletes go ‘Faster, Higher, Stronger’.