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Kiwi of the Week

  • James Hēnare

    James Henare was Nga Puhi leader, soldier, farmer, and community leader. After the Second World War he helped set up the kohanga reo programme and fought for recognition of Maori rights under the Treaty of Waitangi

Today in History

1954 'Heavenly Creatures' found guilty of murder

The fact that Pauline Parker and her friend Juliet Hulme killed Pauline’s mother Honora on 22 June – a sensational crime later dramatised in Peter Jackson’s film Heavenly Creatures – was never disputed. But in finding the two teenagers guilty of murder, the jury rejected the defence’s assertion that the girls were grossly insane.

Pauline was aged 16 and Juliet 15. Because they were both under 18, neither could be sentenced to death. Their punishment was instead ‘detention during Her Majesty’s pleasure’.

Pauline’s lawyer, Dr Haslam, said in his final address to the jury that the two girls had seen Pauline’s mother as a threat to their remaining together, a threat they felt they had to remove. ‘We have these girls planning their dreadful act, carrying it out so clumsily, and then, after it was over, not showing any remorse.’

In the opinion of psychiatrists Mr Medlicott and Dr Bennett, the girls’ contempt for the Bible and belief in a ‘fourth world’ paradise were evidence of insanity. The jury were told that the pair thought they were morally right in killing Honora. The girls suffered from ‘paranoia, delusions of grandeur and delusions of ecstasy. Each affects the other and aggravates the process of the disease.’

The Crown prosecutor maintained that the psychiatrists had contradicted their own evidence under cross-examination. This ‘plainly was a cold, callously committed and premeditated murder, committed by two highly intelligent and perfectly sane girls … They are not incurably insane. My submission is they are incurably bad.’

Included in the girls’ sentence was the provision that they were never to contact each other again. This made it difficult to find appropriate places of detention. There was only one girls’ borstal in New Zealand, and while borstal was deemed insufficient punishment for murderesses, imprisonment in an adult institution was thought to be too severe for women so young.

In the end both girls served around five years in prison: Pauline at Paparua prison, near Christchurch, and Juliet initially at Mt Eden prison and then at Arohata prison in Tawa, near Wellington.

Image: Parker and Hulme (Chch City Libraries) .

See the trailer for Heavenly Creatures, 1994  (NZ On Screen):

How to cite this page: ''Heavenly Creatures' found guilty of murder', URL: http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/heavenly-creatures-pauline-parker-and-juliet-hulme-are-found-guilty-of-murder, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated 12-Dec-2013