Events In History
2 August 1983Protest as USS Texas visits Auckland
The visit sparked anti-nuclear rallies on land and sea. Nuclear ship visits became an election issue in 1984 and they were later banned by David Lange's Labour government. Read more...
3 April 1943'Battle of Manners Street'
The most famous of several wartime skirmishes between New Zealanders and American servicemen, the 'Battle of Manners Street' saw hundreds of soldiers and civilians slugging it out in downtown Wellington. Read more...
12 June 1942First US troops arrive in Auckland
Between 1942 and 1944 about 100,000 American servicemen were stationed in New Zealand as part of the Allies' counter-offensive against Japan. This American ‘invasion’ led to a considerable clash of cultures. Read more...
Page 1 – US forces in New Zealand
It was an 'invasion' with a touch of Hollywood. From 1942 to 1944, as many as 45,000 American servicemen were in camp in New Zealand at any one time.
Page 2 – Overview
Overview of US forces in New Zealand during the Second World War.
Page 3 – Arrival
The invasion began in Auckland on 12 June 1942 when five transport ships carrying soldiers of the US Army sailed into the harbour. Two days later Marines landed in Wellington
Page 4 – The camps
American life in New Zealand between 1942 and 1944 was centred on the camps. Most of these were to be found within marching distance or a short train journey from Wellington or
Page 5 – Having fun US style
Although the American forces worked hard, they all craved some time off. But New Zealand leisure-habits were very different to American ones. So the visitors devised their own
Page 6 – Having fun NZ Style
For many people of both nations the most memorable aspect of the American invasion was the home visits. Often these were arranged formally, with New Zealand families signing up
Page 7 – Yankee boys, Kiwi girls
Romantic liaisons between American servicemen and New Zealand women inevitably developed. The soldiers were starved of female company, and the Kiwi women often found the
Page 8 – Economic impact
The presence of thousands of well-paid Americans in the country and a large army to service brought about a minor economic boom in New Zealand and some long-term effects on
Page 9 – Americans and Māori
There were considerable tensions between the Americans and Māori, so strenuous efforts were made to build inter-racial bridges.
Page 10 – The end or a beginning?
The end of the American invasion was a gradual process which started in the last months of 1943. For some New Zealanders it was a relief to see the men go; for others it was
Page 4 – The final stages
Once the tide had turned in favour of the United States and its allies, American troops began 'island hopping' through the central Pacific, taking one island after another.
- Page 4 - The final stagesOnce the tide had turned in favour of the United States and its allies, American troops began 'island hopping' through the central Pacific, taking one island after another.
- wellington city
- athletic park
- nuclear free
- nuclear ships
- pacific war
- war brides
- second world war
- manners street
- united states
- tararua ranges
- auckland city
- maori language
- venereal disease
- upper hutt
- home front
- maori carving
- war memorials
- wellington cenotaph
- red cross
- milk bars
- maori food
- auckland domain