Events In History
22 December 1916Future PM Fraser charged with sedition
Peter Fraser's trial at the Wellington Magistrates' Court was the sequel to an anti-conscription speech. A number of union leaders were charged with the same crime. Fraser was convicted and served 12 months in gaol. Read more...
Māori reactions to serving in the First World War largely reflected iwi experiences of British actions in the 19th century.
Page 3 – Resistance to conscription
In his recruitment waiata, 'Te ope tuatahi', Ngata made it clear that the replacement recruits that he and his colleagues had raised all came from the East Coast tribes of
There are always supporters and opponents of a country fighting a war. Over 2500 conscientious objectors lost their civil rights in New Zealand for refusing to serve in the First World War.
Page 2 – Military Service Act
The Military Service Act 1916 allowed limited exemption from service. Men who were exempted had to be prepared to provide alternative non-combatant service in New Zealand or
Page 3 – Socialist objection
Many socialist and labour leaders criticised the First World War as an imperialist war and strongly opposed conscription. New Zealand workers, they argued, had no quarrel with
Page 4 – Pacifist objection
Pacifists and Christian socialists opposed the war on moral or religious grounds.
Page 5 – Māori objection
Māori served in the First World War in the Native Contingent. At home, there was some strong Māori opposition to conscription.
Key information and statistics about countries who fought as part of the British Empire during the First World War
- Page 2 - Dominion of New ZealandFacts and statistics about New Zealand during the First World
Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife Sophie were assassinated in the Bosnian city of Sarajevo. This was a key event in sparking the Great War of 1914–18.
- Page 5 - The war at homeNew Zealand played a small but useful part in the British Empire's war effort, and its essential war aim was achieved with the defeat of Germany and its allies in late 1918. New
On 3 September New Zealand honoured Merchant Navy Day. Here we explore the little-known but vital role played by the merchant marine during the First World War. As in the Second World War, in 1914-18 these civilian seafarers often found themselves in the front lines of the war at sea.
- Page 8 - Politics, patriotism and protestAlthough New Zealand seafarers served in many hostile theatres, some questioned the politics of the
Few Kiwis today know much about one of our main First World War enemies, the Ottoman Empire - a sophisticated but often forgotten empire whose soldiers fought against New Zealand troops for four years in the Gallipoli, Sinai and Palestine campaigns.
- Page 12 - The Turkish soldier's experienceMehmetçik – ‘Little Mehmet’ – was an affectionate Turkish nickname for Ottoman (Turkish)
Hērangi, Te Kirihaehae Te Puea (Princess Te Puea)
Biography of Te Puea Hērangi, granddaughter of the second Māori King. Te Puea was a prominent advocate for Tainui in the first half of the twentieth century.Read more...
Baxter, Archibald McColl Learmond
Archibald Baxter's memoir, We will not cease, is a powerful account of dissent and its consequences, and has become a classic of New Zealand literature.Read more...
- WW1 stories
- conscientious objection
- western front
- archibald baxter
- james k baxter
- peter fraser
- merchant marine
- 1913 strike
- trade unions
- ottoman empire
- ottoman army
- gallipoli campaign
- british empire
- dominion of new zealand
- palestine campaign
- workers rights
- paddy webb
- labour party
- coal mining
- west coast
- maori in war
- te puea herangi
- land confiscation
- pacific islanders
- narrow neck camp
- rua kenana
- native contingent
- WW1 home front
- pioneer battalion