Once the tide had turned in favour of the United States and its allies, American troops began 'island hopping' through the central Pacific, taking one island after another. Japanese naval power was destroyed in the Battle of Leyte Gulf in the Philippines in October 1944, and invasions of Okinawa and Iwo Jima followed.
Between 1942 and 1944 about 100,000 American servicemen were stationed in New Zealand as part of the Allies' counter-offensive against Japan. This American ‘invasion’ led to a considerable clash of cultures.
The most famous of several wartime skirmishes between New Zealanders and American servicemen, the 'Battle of Manners Street' saw hundreds of soldiers and civilians slugging it out in downtown Wellington.