William George Malone was one of New Zealand’s outstanding soldiers of the Gallipoli campaign. Born in Kent in 1859, Malone was 21 years old when he arrived in Taranaki to join his elder brother. He served with the Armed Constabulary at Ōpunake and Parihaka before taking up a farm near Stratford.
In 1910 Field Marshal Lord Kitchener visited New Zealand to advise on its military requirements. He recommended the creation of a staff corps and, in response to a request by the New Zealand government for a suitable commandant of the New Zealand Defence Forces, the Sandhurst-educated Alexander Godley was appointed for five years.
Troops construct a track up Walker’s Ridge, Gallipoli, May 1915.The artillery landed and retained some horses at Gallipoli. But heavy equipment such as field guns had to be manhandled up the steep slopes. For example, 2nd Battery found it impracticable to use horses to get its guns to the top of Plugge’s Plateau:[A] working party of infantry, some hundreds strong, was set to work to make a road … [T]he track was sufficiently prepared by evening to permit of the passage of the guns.
Most of the New Zealand horses sent overseas had a quiet start to the war. Apart from those sent to Samoa, the horses spent their first years or months overseas resting or training in Egypt.Wellington Mounted Rifles on GallipoliSome draught horses accompanied the divisional artillery and transport and supply units to Gallipoli in April 1915 to assist with their work. But the conditions proved unsuitable for horses. Some of those landed remained, but many were not landed or were soon evacuated and returned to Egypt.
This map locates the 61 cemeteries in the Mediterranean, Gallipoli and the Middle East in which there are graves or memorials for members of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force who died during the First World War. For each cemetery we have indicated the number of NZEF personnel buried or memorialised there, and provided a link to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission website for more information.
Ormond Burton was a Methodist minister and prominent pacifist who developed anti-war views after serving in the First World War.
Ormond Burton was born and raised in Auckland. Central to his young life was his religious education, through which he became a strong public speaker and debater, as well as an unwavering Christian. After secondary school he attended Auckland Training College, and by 1913 he was sole-charge teaching at Waimana Sawmill School in the Bay of Plenty.
Andrew Russell was a New Zealand military leader in the First World War, known for his meticulous planning.
Born in Napier, Andrew Russell was educated in England, first at Harrow School and then at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, as was family tradition. After serving for five years in India and Burma, Russell left the 1st Border Regiment to return to New Zealand and farm sheep with his uncle, William Russell.