New Zealanders have become accustomed to hearing the national anthem before major sporting events such as All Black tests. But many may not know that ‘God defend New Zealand’ is one of two official anthems.
New Zealand (Maori) Pioneer Battalion members perform a haka for Cabinet minister Sir Joseph Ward at Bois-de-Warnimont, 30 June 1918. The haka introduced Maori custom and practice into the New Zealand armed services, and the use of these customs and practices grew during the conflicts of the 20th century.
Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand
Further information and copies of this image may be obtained from the Library through its Timeframes website,