Best known as ‘Guide Sophia’ (but sometimes also as Te Paea or Tepaea), Hinerangi was the principal tourist guide of the famous Pink and White Terraces at Lake Rotomahana. Following their destruction during the Mt Tarawera eruption of 1886, she became a tour guide at nearby Whakarewarewa, Rotorua.
Australian born, Elizabeth (Betty) Parker probably arrived in New Zealand in 1830 as the young bride of a Marlborough Sounds whaler, Captain John (Jacky) Guard, who was 23 years her senior. Betty was reputedly the first European woman to settle in the South Island.
In October 1831 the 16-year-old Betty gave birth to a son, John, the first Pakeha child to be born in the South Island. Jacky Guard moved his whaling station and residence to Kakapo Bay, Port Underwood, where in late 1833 Betty gave birth to Louisa.
Betty Guard and her children were rescued from Ngāti Ruanui (who had held them captive in Taranaki since April) by troops landed from HMS Alligator and the Isabella. It was the first clash between British forces and Māori.