‘The end of a good pal’. This New Zealand Mounted Rifles horse received shrapnel wounds to the neck and shoulder during a bombing raid by Turkish aircraft, 1916-17. The horse had to be put down because of the severity of its wounds.These photos were taken by Private Fred Albert Crum, who served with the Mounted Field Ambulance, New Zealand Medical Corps during the Sinai and Palestine campaigns. He died of wounds on 9 April 1917.
Troopers of the New Zealand Mounted Rifles water their horses during a dust storm at Beersheba, Palestine, November 1917.Lack of water for men and animals was a serious problem during the campaigns in Sinai and Palestine. In late 1917, just before the Battle of Ayun Kara, some horses went without water for up to 72 hours. In his history of the Auckland Mounted Rifles, The story of two campaigns (p. 243), C.G. Nicol recalls the response of one horse when water arrived: [T]he old pack horse, smelling the water, struggled to his feet and staggered up to the group.
This map locates the 61 cemeteries in the Mediterranean, Gallipoli and the Middle East in which there are graves or memorials for members of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force who died during the First World War. For each cemetery we have indicated the number of NZEF personnel buried or memorialised there, and provided a link to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission website for more information.