Ever since 1917 Passchendaele has been a byword for the horror of the First World War. The assault on this tiny Belgian village cost the lives of thousands of New Zealand soldiers. But its impact reached far beyond the battlefield, leaving deep scars on many New Zealand communities and families.
This slide show illustrates the vital role played by horses and mules on the Belgian battlefields. Hundreds of these animals were employed hauling field guns and delivering munitions, rations and other supplies to the front line, often in appalling conditions.
Scenes of daily life in and behind the front line. It shows soldiers sleeping and reading, having meals and hot drinks, carrying out routine tasks, viewing the ruins of Ypres, and searching through their clothing for lice.
// To view this interactive you will need to Download latest Flash Player.First used in 1913 during the siege of Adrianople, the creeping barrage became synonymous with the First World War. This important tactic was developed in response to the static, trench-based warfare of the Western Front and the inadequacies of existing artillery barrages.Perfected during the Battle of the Somme in 1916, it was used with considerable success during the British attacks on Messines and Gravenstafel Spur in 1917, but it failed, with disastrous consequences, during the 12 October attack at Bellevue Spur.
In 1914 most New Zealanders made sense of the costs of war through the idea of the good Christian death. This form of consolation and ritual could not prepare people, though, for the scale and manner of death experienced during the war, particularly in France and Belgium.