Pages tagged with: prisoners of war

Hugh Reilly was the first New Zealander to see action in the air during the First World War.
German prisoners of war stand before their Kiwi captors at Cassino
Twenty-five New Zealanders were taken prisoner by the Ottomans during the Gallipoli campaign; 22 during the Sari Bair Offensive alone
A number of New Zealanders served in the British imperial forces at Salonika rather than with the New Zealand Expeditionary Force.
118 New Zealand prisoners of war died when the Italian transport ship Nino Bixio was torpedoed in the Mediterranean Sea by a British submarine.
Māori prisoners captured at Rangiriri, from the Illustrated London News, February 1864.
Māori prisoners of war taken at Rangiriri, New Zealand, December 1863.
New Zealand has a small connection to the poignant story of Anne Frank, via her father, Otto, and the merchant ship TSS Monowai
Grey woollen jacket made from an army blanket and worn by Brigadier Reginald Miles CBE DSO MC during his escape from a prisoner of war camp in Italy.
A 35mm Kodak Retina camera used in a prisoner of war camp by Gunner Wilfred (Curly) Weakly.
A prisoner of war escape pack made from parts of a battle dress uniform. The pack was made by Captain A.J. Tillick prior to departure from Oflag VIIB prisoner of war camp on 14 April 1945.
A wooden carved 32 piece chess set encased in a coconut shell handmade by Lieutenant Lancelot Hugh Herd while a prisoner of war in Changi Prison, Singapore.
A full bottle of 'Kriegie's Brew' beer from the New Zealand Ex-P.O.W. (Prisoner of War) Association's National Reunion, New Plymouth, 1971.
After more than a year on the run in northern Italy, New Zealand prisoner of war David Russell was recaptured and executed. His courage in the face of death earned him the first George Cross awarded to a member of New Zealand's military forces.
This plaque near State Highway 2 outside Featherston is part of a small memorial garden that marks the site where 48 Japanese prisoners of war and one guard were fatally shot on 25 February 1943. Transcript of the haiku on the plaque: Behold the summer grass All that remains of the Dreams of warriors.
Attention was given to the problem of repatriating POWs long before 1945. A New Zealand repatriation unit was established in the United Kingdom under the command of Major-General Howard Kippenberger late in 1944.
The prospect of liberation was a key to POWs' morale. But a great many had no intention of passively awaiting the arrival of Allied forces, an attitude that was reinforced by the recognition that it was a POW's duty to attempt to escape.
The incarceration of most New Zealand army POWs began in transit camps where facilities were rudimentary in the extreme. Generally little more than holding pens, they were invariably overcrowded, lacked shelter, and had insufficient ablutions for large numbers of men.
Most of New Zealand's Second World War POWs were captured in the European theatre in the early stages of the war. Only about 100 New Zealand servicemen fell into Japanese hands, mainly airmen or seamen attached to the Royal Navy or Royal Air Force.
Forty-eight Japanese POWs and one guard were shot dead. The incident was hushed up until 1945 for fear of retribution against Allied prisoners in Japanese camps.

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