Raising the Union Jack in Apia
Historian J.W. Davidson described New Zealand rule over Samoa as a ‘ramshackle administration’. German officials were replaced by New Zealand military officers, civilians, or British residents. These often lacked the experience or qualifications to do the job.
As military administrator, Robert Logan governed a population of around 38,000 Samoans and 1500 Europeans (including part-Europeans and about 500 Germans).