the New Zealand Wars ended in 1872, the King Country remained closed to Pakeha
for more than a decade, until Ngati Maniapoto leaders agreed to the
construction of the North Island Main Trunk railway in the mid 1880s.
Taranaki also resisted settler incursions until 1881, when the assertive
Parihaka community was dispersed by the colonial army. Resistance flared
briefly in Hokianga in 1898, and parts of Urewera remained off-limits to Pakeha
Weight of numbers and military and economic power had prevailed,
though, and the map of New
Zealand had been redrawn. By 1900 this was a
settler society, with Maori pushed out to its fringes.
Several thousand people died in the New Zealand Wars, most of them
Maori. The numbers below are those of the historian James Cowan, who
counted civilians and sometimes overstated the casualties of Maori who
opposed the settlers. The death toll was most balanced in the 1840s and
in Titokowaru's War. Pai Marire followers suffered the highest