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The Military Service Act was passed by the wartime coalition government of Prime Minister Lloyd George. All single men in England, Scotland and Wales aged 19 and 41 were liable for compulsory military service in the British Army. Only those deemed to be medically unfit, in work essential to the war industry or officially recognised as conscientious objectors were granted exemptions. The Act was amended in May 1916 to include married men. Continued heavy losses led to further amendments to the Act in April 1918: its coverage was extended to Ireland (although in fact it was never implemented there) and the minimum age was reduced to 18.
Air raids (by aircraft and airships)
Naval bombardments of English coastal towns
Western Front, 23 August 1914: Under constant and heavy German fire, Lance-Corporal Charles Alfred Jarvis, Royal Engineers, successfully attaches demolition charges to the Jemappes bridge and blows it up during the British Expeditionary Force’s retreat from Mons. In recognition of his bravery during this action Jarvis is subsequently awarded the Victoria Cross, thereby becoming the first soldier in the British Expeditionary Force to receive this award, the British Empire’s most prestigious military decoration for valour in the face of the enemy.
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