New Zealand in the 19th century provides a context within which to prepare for NCEA history as it explores a range of key historical event, or place, of significance to New Zealanders
Three key themes are explored:
The relationship between Maori and Pakeha underpins the entire topic. This relationship involves complicated struggles surrounding land, law and sovereignty as New Zealand was transformed from a Maori world to a European one.
Economic and social change
The economic transformation of New Zealand was achieved via the acquisition of large quantities of Maori land. The political and economic aspirations of the settler population quickly overrode those of Maori.
Society and attitudes
The migration to New Zealand of tens of thousands of settlers in the 19th century had a significant impact on their lives and those of Maori. The physical and social landscape was transformed as towns and cities developed. Maori, settler Pakeha and new migrants responded to the challenges of a rapidly changing world.
New Zealand in the nineteenth century can be broken down into three broad time periods. This approach makes the process of ‘compare and contrast' easier. Some suggested time periods are:
- The period up to 1840, sometimes referred to as the 'race relations apprenticeship', in which New Zealand is very much a Maori world.
- The 1840s through to the 1860s. The Treaty of Waitangi and war dominate this period. The settler population increases and seeks greater political power and more land for settlement.
- 1870-1900. New Zealand is transformed economically and socially and is now very much a European world.