Month Calendar View

Historic NZ events in July

Jul

1

Bastion Point land returned

1988 Bastion Point land returned

The government announced that it had agreed to the Waitangi Tribunal's recommendation that Bastion Point on Auckland's Waitematā Harbour be returned to the local iwi, Ngāti Whātua. Read more...

Jul

2

Electric trains come to Wellington

1938 Electric trains come to Wellington

Opened on 2 July 1938, the Johnsonville suburban line was the first in the country to be served by electric multiple units. Read more...

Jul

3

DC-3 crashes in Kaimai Range

1963 DC-3 crashes in Kaimai Range

All 23 passengers and crew were killed in what is still New Zealand's worst internal civil aviation accident. Helicopters were used for the first time in the search and rescue operation that followed. Read more...

Jul

4

NZ Boxing Association formed in Christchurch

1902 NZ Boxing Association formed in Christchurch

The New Zealand Boxing Association was formed to promote and foster amateur boxing in this country. After drawing up its rules and obtaining parliamentary sanction, the association staged its first New Zealand championships in Christchurch later in 1902. Read more...

Te Kooti escapes from the Chathams

1868 Te Kooti escapes from the Chathams

Te Kooti and 300 followers captured the schooner Rifleman and sailed for New Zealand. The fugitives landed at Whareongaonga, just south of Poverty Bay, six days later. Read more...

Jul

5

Poll tax imposed on Chinese

1881 Poll tax imposed on Chinese

The Chinese Immigrants Act of 1881 introduced a ‘poll tax’ of £10. Ships arriving in New Zealand could land only one Chinese passenger for each 10 tons of cargo. Read more...

Jul

6

Main trunk express train disaster

1923 Main trunk express train disaster

Early hours in the morning the express crashed into a landslip at Ōngarue in the King Country. Seventeen people were killed, the first major loss of life on New Zealand railways. Read more...

Jul

7

'Tom Watson' wins bronze for New Zealand

1924 'Tom Watson' wins bronze for New Zealand

The character in the Academy Award-winning film Chariots of fire (1981) was based on Arthur Porritt, who won a bronze medal for New Zealand in the 100 m at the 1924 Paris Olympics. Read more...

NZ Labour Party founded

1916 NZ Labour Party founded

The country's oldest existing political party, the New Zealand Labour Party emerged from a joint conference in Wellington of the United Federation of Labour, the Social Democratic Party and local Labour Representation Committees. Read more...

Jul

8

NZ Racing Conference established

1893 NZ Racing Conference established

The New Zealand Racing Conference was formed to control the thoroughbred horse-racing industry in this country. Read more...

Jul

9

Homosexual Law Reform Bill passed

1986 Homosexual Law Reform Bill passed

Wellington Central MP Fran Wilde's bill, which came into force in August, removed criminal sanctions against consensual male homosexual practices. Read more...

Jul

10

Rainbow Warrior sunk in Auckland harbour

1985 Rainbow Warrior sunk in Auckland harbour

The Greenpeace ship, which was protesting against French nuclear testing, was torn apart by two bombs planted by French secret agents. A Portuguese crew member was killed. Read more...

NZ adopts decimal currency

1967 NZ adopts decimal currency

Pounds, shillings and pence were replaced with dollars and cents − 27 million new banknotes and 165 million new coins. Read more...

Jul

11

Kate Edger becomes NZ’s first woman graduate

1877 Kate Edger becomes NZ’s first woman graduate

Kate Edger became the first woman in New Zealand to gain a university degree and the first woman in the British Empire to earn a BA. Read more...

Jul

12

British forces invade Waikato

1863 British forces invade Waikato

Lieutenant-General Cameron's force crossed the Mangatawhiri stream. This was the first act of war in the Waikato campaign, which had been planned in part to gain land for European settlement. Read more...

New Zealander wins Tour de France stage

2001 New Zealander wins Tour de France stage

The first stage win by a New Zealander in the Tour de France came in a team time trial. Although Chris Jenner didn't finish with the core of his Credit Agricole team, he shared in the stage win and got to stand on the podium. Read more...

Jul

13

Walsh becomes first NZer to obtain pilot's certificate

1916 Walsh becomes first NZer to obtain pilot's certificate

Vivian Walsh became the first New Zealander to obtain an aviator's certificate. The New Zealand Flying School had been established at Ōrākei in October 1915. Read more...

Jul

14

NZ's first general election begins

1853 NZ's first general election begins

The first member of New Zealand's inaugural Parliament was elected unopposed at Russell in the Bay of Islands. It would take another two and a half months to elect the remaining 36 members of the House of Representatives. Read more...

Death of Sir Āpirana Ngata

1950 Death of Sir Āpirana Ngata

Ngata contributed hugely to the revival of the Māori people in the early 20th century. His intelligence, tact, persistence and political skill helped him promote Māori culture and identity. Read more...

Jul

15

Gallipoli wounded arrive home on the <em>Willochra</em>

1915 Gallipoli wounded arrive home on the Willochra

The first large group of men wounded at Gallipoli to return to New Zealand arrived in Wellington on the Willochra in mid-July 1915 as part of a draft of around 300 men Read more...

Lovelock smashes world mile record

1933 Lovelock smashes world mile record

Jack Lovelock's run at Princeton University beat the record for the mile, held by Jules Ladoumegue, by 1.4 seconds. The race was dubbed the 'greatest mile of all time' by Time Magazine. Read more...

Jul

16

NZ artillery opens fire in Vietnam

1965 NZ artillery opens fire in Vietnam

161 Battery, stationed at Bien Hoa air base near Saigon, opened fire on a Viet Cong position in support of the American 173rd Airborne Brigade. Read more...

Jul

17

Death of Paddy the Wanderer

1939 Death of Paddy the Wanderer

Paddy, a ginger and brown Airedale terrier, became a national celebrity because of his exploits on the Wellington waterfront (and beyond) during the 1930s. He was remembered as providing a 'little light in the dark days of the Depression'. Read more...

Māori force defeated at Koheroa

1863 Māori force defeated at Koheroa

The British invasion force led by Lieutenant-General Duncan Cameron had its first significant encounter with Waikato Māori at Koheroa, near Mercer. Read more...

Jul

18

NZ's first postage stamps go on sale

1855 NZ's first postage stamps go on sale

These adhesive, non-perforated stamps for the prepayment of postage were the famous 'Full Face' or 'Chalon Head' design showing Queen Victoria in her coronation robes. Read more...

Death of Ferdinand von Hochstetter

1884 Death of Ferdinand von Hochstetter

The Austrian geologist was the first to describe and interpret many features of New Zealand geology. He established a local tradition of systematic geological mapping. Read more...

Jul

19

Privy Council rules on Samoan citizenship

1982 Privy Council rules on Samoan citizenship

The Privy Council granted New Zealand citizenship to Western Samoans born since 1924. When the government challenged this ruling, it was accused of betrayal and racism. Read more...

Jul

20

Steam locomotive sets world speed record

1892 Steam locomotive sets world speed record

The Wellington and Manawatu Railway (WMR) Company’s locomotive No. 10 established a world speed record for the narrow 3 foot 6 inch (1067 mm) gauge, averaging 68 km per hour on a two-hour run and hitting a top speed of 103 kph. Read more...

Riots rock Mt Eden prison

1965 Riots rock Mt Eden prison

The disturbance followed a botched escape attempt by two prisoners and lasted into the next day. Several warders were taken hostage and part of the prison was gutted by fire. Read more...

Jul

21

Capture of Weraroa pā

1865 Capture of Weraroa pā

Governor George Grey led a small force that captured a Pai Mārire (Hauhau) pā at Weraroa, Waitōtara. The pā had long lost its strategic significance, and its small garrison had seemed willing to surrender. Read more...

Jul

22

Lotto goes on sale for first time

1987 Lotto goes on sale for first time

Outlets opened to long queues, with the first division prize in the inaugural draw worth $360,000. In the first year Kiwis 'invested' nearly $249 million in the new lottery, which was based on a weekly draw of six numbers. Read more...

Jul

23

Yvette Williams leaps for gold at Helsinki

1952 Yvette Williams leaps for gold at Helsinki

New Zealand's first female Olympic medallist, Yvette Williams (now Corlett) won gold in the long jump with an Olympic record leap of 6.24 m (20 feet 5 and 3/4 inches). Read more...

The <em>Maria</em> wrecked near Cape Terawhiti

1851 The Maria wrecked near Cape Terawhiti

Twenty-six lives were lost when the barque Maria was wrecked near Cape Terawhiti. This provided more ammunition for Wellington settlers who were trying to convince the government of the need for a lighthouse. Read more...

Jul

24

New Zealand soldier killed in Timor-Leste

2000 New Zealand soldier killed in Timor-Leste

Private Leonard Manning was the first New Zealander killed in combat since the Vietnam War. Manning's patrol was part of New Zealand's contribution to a United Nations peacekeeping force in the fledgling nation of Timor-Leste (East Timor). Read more...

Jul

25

Anti-Springbok protesters prevent Hamilton match

1981 Anti-Springbok protesters prevent Hamilton match

350 anti-tour demonstrators invaded Rugby Park in Hamilton, forcing the abandonment of the Springboks-Waikato match. Rugby supporters pelted the protesters with bottles and scuffles broke out. Read more...

Jul

26

Kiwi boxer fights for world heavyweight title

1928 Kiwi boxer fights for world heavyweight title

In the midst of boxing's golden age, Gisborne-born Tom Heeney took on Gene Tunney in front of 46,000 spectators at Yankee Stadium, New York. Although he was defeated, his title bid had aroused tremendous interest in both New Zealand and the USA. Read more...

Parliament moves to Wellington

1865 Parliament moves to Wellington

The capital moved from Auckland to more centrally located Wellington on the recommendation of an Australian commission. The former Wellington Provincial Council chamber became the new home for Parliament. Read more...

Jul

27

Pioneer aviator George Bolt dies

1963 Pioneer aviator George Bolt dies

Bolt was an outstanding figure in the development of commercial aviation in this country. Among his many achievements were taking New Zealand's first aerial photographs in 1912 and delivering its first official airmail in 1919 Read more...

Jul

28

Women's suffrage petition presented

1893 Women's suffrage petition presented

This massive suffrage petition − signed by more 25,000 women, about a fifth of the entire adult European female population − helped pave the way for the passage of New Zealand's world-leading Electoral Act in September 1893. Read more...

Jul

29

Police baton anti-tour protesters near Parliament

1981 Police baton anti-tour protesters near Parliament

Up to 2000 anti-Springbok tour protesters were confronted by police who used batons to stop them marching up Molesworth St to the home of South Africa's Consul to New Zealand. Read more...

Jul

30

Carless days introduced

1979 Carless days introduced

Carless days for motor vehicles were introduced to combat the second oil shock of the 1970s. They did little to reduce petrol consumption and were scrapped in May 1980. Read more...

Jul

31

John Walker wins gold in Montreal

1976 John Walker wins gold in Montreal

Following in the footsteps of Jack Lovelock and Peter Snell, Walker won gold in the Olympic 1500 m. Black African nations boycotted the Games in protest at the All Blacks' tour of South Africa Read more...