New Zealand's administration of Samoa, 1920-35
New Zealand was ill-equipped to cope with the Western Samoa mandate allocated by the League of Nations in 1920. After occupying German Samoa at the outbreak of the First World War, the New Zealand administration was blamed for mishandling the 1918 influenza pandemic, which killed a fifth of the local population.
Responding to the policies of a tactless and authoritarian colonial administration, many of Samoa's inhabitants joined the League of Samoa, an opposition movement known as the Mau. Tensions caused by the Mau's passive yet effective resistance erupted in violence on 28 December 1929 — 'Black Saturday' — claiming the lives of up to 11 Samoans and one New Zealand policeman. For many Samoans, the actions of New Zealand officials in the weeks that followed the tragedy heightened a deep sense of injustice.
In 2002, New Zealand's Prime Minister, Helen Clark, visited Samoa. Her formal apology for the mistakes made during New Zealand's early administration brought some closure to an uncomfortable chapter of this country's history.
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