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Charles Upham is probably New Zealand's most famous soldier. His actions in Crete in 1941 and Egypt in 1942 led to his becoming one of only three people – and the only combat soldier – ever to win the Victoria Cross twice.
Wellington blacksmith William Hardham served in South Africa with the fourth New Zealand contingent. He was the only New Zealander to win the Victoria Cross in the South African War.
South African War 1899-1902NZ Victoria Cross winners
In a feat of great navigational daring - and after several attempts - the French explorer Dumont d'Urville sails the Astrolabe through French Pass into Admiralty Bay in the Marlborough Sounds. more...
European explorers - exploration of New Zealand
20 May 1941 German paratroops assault Crete
21 May 1840 Hobson proclaims sovereignty over NZ
22 May 1884 First NZ Rugby team in action
23 May 1966 Coronation of first Māori Queen
24 May 1943 Turning point in Battle of the Atlantic
25 May 1861 The Press goes to press
26 May 1879 Parihaka ploughing campaign begins