These words are grouped according to the following functions and associations:
We have included individual sound files of spoken versions of all these words – just click on the word and it will be spoken! (See also pronunciation notes and te reo for email.) New: 365 more useful Māori words and phrases
Hear Tairongo Amoamo read the complete list: click on arrow to play or download as mp3 (493kb)
Terms for geographical features, such as hills, rivers, cliffs, streams, mountains, the coast; and adjectives describing them, such as small, big, little and long, are found in many place names. Here is a list so you can recognise them:
See also: 365 useful Māori words and phrases
The following English equivalents are a rough guide to pronouncing vowels in Māori:
There are fewer consonants, and only a few are different from English:
The macron – a little line above some vowels – indicates vowel length. Some words spelled the same have different meanings according to their vowel length. For example, anā means ‘here is’ or ‘behold’: Anā te tangata! (Here is the man!) Ana, with no macron, means a cave. Some writers of modern Māori double the vowel instead of using macrons when indicating a long vowel; the first example would be Anaa te tangata!
This is a guide to appropriate email greetings and sign-offs in te reo Māori.
We encourage you to add other phrases you have received – or any questions you have – as community contributions below this post; or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Adding ‘noa’ in the above examples adds a sense of humility - e.g. ‘Nāku, nā’ is ‘From [your name]’, whereas ‘Nāku noa, nā’ is more like ‘It’s just [your name]’
Please provide more examples from emails you have received as community contributions at the bottom of this page; or email us at email@example.com