These words are grouped according to the following functions and associations:
We have included individual sound files of spoken versions of all these words – just click on the word and it will be spoken! (See also pronunciation notes and te reo for email.) New: 365 more useful Māori words and phrases
Hear Tairongo Amoamo read the complete list: click on arrow to play or download as mp3 (493kb)
Ordinary geographical features such as hills, rivers, cliffs, streams, mountains, the coast and adjectives describing them, such as small, big, little and long, are to be found in many place names. Here is a list so you can recognise them:
See also: 365 useful Māori words and phrases
The following English equivalents are a rough guide to pronouncing vowels in Māori:
There are fewer consonants, and only a few are different from English:
The macron – a little line above some vowels – indicates vowel length. Some words that look the same have different meanings according to their vowel length. For example, anā means 'here is' or 'behold': Anā te tangata! (Here is the man!) But ana, with no macron, means a cave. Some writers of modern Māori double the vowel instead of using macrons when indicating a long vowel, so the first example would be Anaa te tangata!
We have put together this guide to help people learn appropriate email greetings and sign-offs in te reo Māori.
We have listed some of the most commonly used phrases below. We encourage you to add any others you have received or any other questions you have as community contributions below this post, or email us at email@example.com.
Adding 'noa' in the above examples adds a sense of humility - eg 'Nāku, nā' is 'From [your name]' whereas 'Nāku noa, nā is more like 'It's just [your name]'Informal:
Please provide more examples from emails you have received as community contributions at the bottom of this page or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org