British-born population living in New Zealand provinces in 1871
*The Welsh have not been included in these figures as they made up less than 2% of the population of any province
The table and graph suggest:
- There was strong regional variation within New Zealand as to where different groups settled.
- In the 19th century Wellington and Canterbury provinces were dominated by the English. This in part reflects their New Zealand Company origins.
- Auckland had a strong representation from Ireland which reflected partly the influence of the early military settlers and partly the free migration of Irish across the Tasman to Auckland.
- Westland also had a large number of people from Ireland. Many of these were miners who had migrated across the Tasman from the Victorian gold fields to the West Coast gold rushes.
- Otago and Southland had a majority of British immigrants who came from Scotland. Again this reflected the character of the first organised settlement.