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Charles Upham is probably New Zealand's most famous soldier. His actions in Crete in 1941 and Egypt in 1942 led to his becoming one of only three people – and the only combat soldier – ever to win the Victoria Cross twice.
The Endeavour's arrival at Cape Turnagain confirmed that the North Island was indeed an island, and not part of a fabled great southern continent.
European explorers - exploration of New ZealandJames Cook stamp
Opened by Premier Richard Seddon, this large wooden building has been one of Whanganui's finest entertainment venues for more than 100 years
20 May 1941 German paratroops assault Crete
21 May 1840 Hobson proclaims sovereignty over NZ
22 May 1884 First NZ Rugby team in action
23 May 1966 Coronation of first Māori Queen
24 May 1943 Turning point in Battle of the Atlantic
25 May 1861 The Press goes to press
26 May 1879 Parihaka ploughing campaign begins