Waitangi Treaty copy

Use the tool bar at the bottom of this interactive to zoom in and navigate. The drop down menu at the top lists the names of those who signed this copy of the Treaty - choosing a name takes you to their signature on the document.

The Waitangi copy of the Treaty

The Waitangi copy of the Treaty was first signed at Waitangi on 6 February 1840. It then circulated around the Bay of Islands and Hokianga before being sent further afield. It is estimated that about 240 Māori signed this copy, which is in the Māori language.

There are many uncertainties about names, dates of signings and numbers signing at different locations, so it is virtually impossible to state precise figures. Most of the names are from tribes north of Whāngārei and from Tāmaki-makau-rau (Auckland), the Waitematā Harbour and the Hauraki Gulf. There are conflicting reports of the number who signed at Waitangi on 6 February and immediately after; there may have been 43 (most likely), 45 or 52. Hokianga presents similar problems, as does Waimate North where there was probably only one signing, and not two as sometimes thought.

There are other puzzles. The name of Ngāpuhi chief Moka Te Kainga-mataa (No. 30 in the list) is written on this copy of the Treaty (in the form, ‘Te tohu o Moka’), but no signature or mark appears alongside it. Moka, therefore, may not have signed the Treaty, possibly because of concerns over its impact, which he is known to have voiced on 5 February.

On 6 February the sheet had three columns with an estimated 40 signatures or marks. The first chief to sign was Hōne Heke, although his name no longer appears at the top of the Treaty. At least 11 chiefs signed with their names, while the others made their marks beside an identifying phrase such as ‘Te tohu o Hori Kingi Warerahi’ (The mark of Hori King Wharerahi).

Seven chiefs signed on 9 February at Te Waimate. Many of the Hokianga chiefs signed with simple crosses on 12 February, when a further column was added. At a signing at either Paihia or Waitangi on 17 February, the marks of chiefs Kawiti, Te Tirarau and Pōmare were inserted above the name of Hōne Heke.

Just a couple of weeks later there was no more space on the sheet, so Captain Nias of the Herald and Colonial Treasurer George Cooper added a second sheet of parchment at the bottom. The sheet was subsequently used to gather signatures at Kaitaia, Auckland (given as Tamaki, below) and Russell. Two women are known to have signed this copy: Ana Hamu (61), the widow of Te Koki who had been patron of the Paihia mission station; and Ereonora (207), the wife of Te Rarawa chief Nōpera Pana-kareao. Koroniria Nuau (211) may also be a woman.

Information about the signatories

 
 Signed asProbable nameTribeHapu

Signed on 13 (?) May 1840, at the Bay of Islands

1.KawitiKawitiNgapuhiNgati Hine
2.Te TirarauTe TirarauNgapuhiTe Parawhau Te Uri-o-Hau ?

Signed on 17 February 1840, probably at Paihia or Waitangi, witnessed by J. R. Clendon

3.PomarePomare II [Whetoi]NgapuhiNgati Manu

Signed on 6 February 1840, at Waitangi, witnessed by James Busby, Henry WilIiams, Richard Taylor, John Mason, Samuel Ironside and James Stuart Freeman

4.Hone HekeHone [Wiremu] Heke [Pokai]NgapuhiTe Matarahurahu, Ngati Rahiri, Ngai Tawake, Ngati Tautahi
5.Hori Kingi WarerahiHori Kingi WharerahiNgapuhiNgai Tawake, Ngati Tautahi, Te Patukeha, Te Uri-o-Ngongo,
6.Tamati PukututuTamati PukututuNgapuhiTe Uri-o-Te-Hawato, Te Uri-o-Ngongo,
7.HakeroHakiroNgapuhiNgai Tawake, Ngati Rehia,
8.WikiteneWikitene/Hikitene?Ngati Wai?Te Kapotai?
9.PumukaPumukaNgapuhi/Te RoroaNgati Rangi, Ngati Pou
10.MarupoMarupoNgapuhiTe Whanau Rara, Te Whanau Rongo, Matarahurahu, Ngati Rahiri, Ngati Pou
11.Te TaoTe TaoNgapuhiTe Kai Mata, Te Mahurehure?
12.Reweti AtuahaereTe Reweti AtuahaereNgapuhiNgati Tautahi,
13.Wiremu HauWiremu HauNgapuhiNgati Te Whiu, Ngati Pou, Ngati Miru
14.Te KauaTe KauaNgapuhi?Te Herepaka
15.TouaTouaNgapuhi?Ngati Rehia? Te Hikutu?
16.MeneMeneNgapuhi?from Kororareka. Ngati Rehia. Ngai Tawake
17.Tamati Waka NeneTamati Waka NeneNgapuhiNgati Hao (Ngati Miru), Ngati Pou, Te Roroa
18.Matiu Huka ?Matiu HukaNgapuhiTe Uri-o-Ngongo
19.Te KameraTe Kamera [Kaitieke]NgapuhiNgati Kawa, Ngare Hauata
20.WarauWharau?NgapuhiNgati Wai, Ngati Tokawero
21.NgereTe NgereNgapuhiTe Urikapana, Ngati Wai, Te Uri Taniwha?
22.Patuone[Eruera Maihi] PatuoneNgapuhi Te RoroaNgati Hao, Ngati Pou
23.Paora NohimatangiPaora Nohi MatangiNgapuhi ?Te Popoto ki Utakura ?
24.RuheRuheNgapuhifrom Kaikohe. Ngati Rangi, Ngati Pou, Te Uritaniwha

Signed at the Bay of Islands, date unknown

25.Kaitara Wiremu KingiKaitara Wiremu KingiNgapuhiNgati Hineira, Te Urikapana, Ngati Rangi. Ngati Pou. Te Uri Taniwha
26.TauraTauraNgapuhi?Ngati Hine

Signed on 13 (?) May 1840, at the Bay of Islands

27.TaurauTaurauNgapuhiTe Parawhau
28.TerohaTe Roha/Tiroha?NgapuhiTe Parawhau

Signed on 6 February 1840, at Waitangi

29.RewaRewa [Manu]NgapuhiNgai Tawake, Te Patukeha, Ngati Tautahi, Ngai Tawake, Te Uri-o-Ngongo
30.Moka [but see comments above]Moka [Te Kaingamata]NgapuhiTe Patu Keha, Ngai Tawake, Ngati Tautahi, Te Uri-o-Ngongo

Signed on an unknown date, probably at the Bay of Islands

31.PapahiaPapahiaTe RarawaTe Horokuhare, Ngati Haua
32.TakiriTakiriTe Rarawa?Ngati Nanenane
33.Te TokoTe Toko [Herewini?]Te RarawaTe Patutoka
34.Wiremu TanaWiremu Tana [Papahia?]Te RarawaTe Horohukare, Ngati Haua
35.Tangata KotahiTangata KotahiTe Rarawa?(This could be part of Wiremu Tana signature - "for himself alone"
36.Te TaiTe TaiTe RarawaNgati Te Reinga, Te Kaitutae
37.Te ToroihuaTe ToroihuaNgapuhi? 
38.KokehaTe KehaNgapuhi?Ngati Toki? or Te Hikutu?
39.Kowao/Howao?Whao? Wao?Ngapuhi?Ngati Te Ra
40.TakuruaTakuruaNgapuhiNgati Korokoro, Ngati Rangi
41.Te HinakeTe Hinaki [Samuel?]NgapuhiNgati Hau or Matahuruhuru
42.Te TotohuTe Totohu/Te Tohu?NgapuhiNgati Hau, Ngai Tupoto
43.Omanu Te WunuOmanu Te Wunu Omaia te whenua?Ngapuhi(Possibly not a name)
44.Nga ManuNga ManuNgapuhiNgati Hau, Te Uri o Rorokai or Ngati Kaharau
45.HiroHiro / Whiro?Ngapuhi?Ngati Tautahi?
46.Te MaramaTe MaramaNgapuhi?Ngati Tautahi?
47.Moe NgaherehereMoe Ngaherehere/ Moenga-herehereTe Rarawa? 
48.MahuMahuNgapuhi?Te Hikutu? Ngai Tupoto?
49.Wiremu WunaWiremu Wuna [Kaweka?]NgapuhiNgati Tama, Te Uri Mahoe
50.Te TawaewaeTe TawaewaeNgati WaiNgati Manu
51.WareumuTe Whareumu [son of Te Whareumu King George?]Ngati Wai from KororarekaNgati Manu, Te Uri Karaka
52.MakowareMakowareNgapuhiTe Parawhau, Ngati Rua-Ngaio
53.Te Ahu[Parore ]Te Ahu [Waata?]NgapuhiTe Parawhau, Ngati Rua-Ngaio
54.TukupungaTukupungaNgapuhi?Te Parawhau? Te Uriroroi? Ngai Tahuhu?

Signed on 6 February 1840, at Waitangi(?)

55.HaraHaraNgapuhiTe Uri-o-Te-Hawato, Ngati Rangi
56.HakitaraHakitaraTe Rarawa 
57.HawaituHawaitu [Hawaito?] [Tamati?]NgapuhiTe Uri-o-Hua
58.Te MatatahiTe Matatahi [Te Manataki?]NgapuhiTe Kapotai
59.Rawiri TaiwangaRawiri TaiwhangaNgapuhiNgati Tautahi,
Te Uri-o-Hua, Te Uri Taniwha, Ngati Kura, Te Uri-o-Ngongo
60.ParaaraParaaraNgapuhi? 
61.Ana HamuAna HamuNgapuhi ?Te Uri-o-Ngongo?
62.Hira PureTe Hira PureNgapuhiTe Uri-o-Hua, Te Uri Taniwha
63.IwiIwiNgapuhi ?Ngati Rangi,
Te Urikapana
64.WiorauWhiorauNgapuhiTe Whanau Rara
65.Wiremu WatipuWiremu Watipu [Whatipu?]NgapuhiNgati Wakaheke (Whakaheke? )
66.Piripi HaurangiPiripi HaurangiNgapuhiTe Uri Taniwha
67.PokaiPokai Te Ika or RawhitiNgapuhiNgati Rahiri
68.Te KauwataTe KauwhataNgati WaiNgati Wai
69.TuirangiTuirangi/TuhirangiNgapuhiTe Matarahurahu, Ngati Rahiri, Ngai Tawake
70.Hohepa OteneHohepa Otene [Pura]NgapuhiTe Urimahoe,
Te Uri-kopura, Ngati Tama, Te Kohatutaka
71.Hone Kingi RaumatiHone Kingi RaumatiNgapuhiNgati Toro, Ngahengahe, Te Popoto
72.TuhakuahaTuhakuaha [Tukakawaha?]NgapuhiNgai Tawake

Signed on an unknown date, at the Bay of Islands

73.TawatanuiTawatanui [ TawatawaNgati Wai Ngapuhi?Te Kapotai? Ngati Tautahi? Te Uri Taniwha?
74.Te RawitiTe Rawiti [Te Rawhiti]Ngapuhi?Te Uri-o-Hua
75.KuhangaTe Kuhanga [Maihi Paraone Kawiti?]NgapuhiNgati Hine
76.ParahaParaha [Pararaha?]NgapuhiNgati Hine? Ngati Wai?
77.Tahua[Hori Kingi] TahuaNgati Wai?Ngati Manu, Te Uri Karaka
78.Te PukaTe PukaNgapuhi? 

Signed on 6 February 1840, at Waitangi(?)

79.Te KoroikoTe Koroiko/KorohikoNgati TuwharetoaTe Rangi-ita
80.IwikauIwikau [Te Heuheu]Ngati TuwharetoaNgati Turamakina

Signed on 9-10 February 1840, at Waimate North, witnessed by Joseph Nias, Henry Williams and Richard Taylor

81.Reweti IrikoeReweti IrikoeNgapuhiNgati Kuta
82.Ha Oara Ringa Patu?Paora Ringa Patu/ PararingaNgapuhi?Te Patukoraha?
83.HaupokiaHaupokiaNgapuhifrom Te Ahuahu. Ngati Toro? Ngati Rangi?
84.Mohi TahuaMohi TahuaNgapuhi 
85.Kame KutuKame KutuNgapuhi 
86.Rangi TuturuaRangi TuturuaNgapuhiTe Uritaniwha

Signed on 12 February 1840, at Hokianga, witnessed by Joseph Nias, Willoughby Shortland, George Clarke Snr, William Woon and G.F. Russell

87.HakeHake [Huke?]Ngapuhi ?Te Urikapana Te Roroa, Ngati Pou?
88.RewiriRawiri [Tukiata?]NgapuhiNgati Korokoro?
89.Te PanaTe Pana [Ruka?]NgapuhiTe Roroa
90.Hone MakinaihungaHone Makinaihunga [Makihuna?]NgapuhiTe Pokare, Ngati Rauawa
91.PangariPangariNgapuhiNgati Hua, Ngati Whiu, Te Waiariki
92.Rangatira (Pakanae)Rangatira [Moetara]NgapuhiNgati Korokoro, Te Hikutu, Ngati Hau, Ngai Tu
93.TioTio [Te Tukuaka?]NgapuhiTe Pouka , Ngati Hau?
94.KarekareKarekareNgapuhiTe Uri-o-Hau? Ngati Hau?
95.TungarawaTungarawaNgapuhi? 
96.E PakaPakaNgapuhi?Ngati Korokoro?
97.Ware KoreroWhare Korero [Paka?]Ngapuhi? 
98.MarupoMarupoNgapuhiNgati Hau
99.TotoToto [Tete Whatarau?]NgapuhiNgati Korokoro
100.TokoToko [Tako?]NgapuhiNgati Korokoro
101.E PoPou [Po]Ngapuhi?Te Hikutu, Ngati Kerewhati?
102.Piripi NgaromotuPiripi NgaromotuNgapuhiNgati Pakau, Ngati Wharekawa
103.Wiremu RamakaWiremu RamakaNgapuhiNgati Pakau, Ngati Wharekawa
104.Wiremu PateneWiremu PateneNgapuhi, Te RarawaTe Uri-kopura, Te Uri Mahoe, Ngati Tama, Te Kohatutaka?
105.ManaihiManaihiNgapuhi? 
106.ParateneParateneNgapuhi?Te Uri-o-Hua?
107.Te HiraTe HiraTe Rarawa?from Motu Kiore?
108.Turau[Wiremu Waka] TurauNgapuhi, Te Roroa ?Ngati Hao
109.Te RetiTe Reti WhatiiaTe Rarawa, NgapuhiNgai Tupoto
110.KenanaKenanaNgapuhi? 
111.PeroPeroNgapuhiNgai Tupoto, Ngati Pakau?
112.Te UrutiTe UrutiTe Rarawa, NgapuhiNgai Tupoto
113.Witikama RewaWitikama RewaNgapuhi? 
114.TiraTiroNgapuhiNgati Tama, Te Whanau Puku, Te Pokare
115.Tipane ToroTipane/Tipene Te ToroNgapuhiTe Kapotai? Ngati Toro?
116.MatiuMatiuNgapuhiNgati Tama, Te Uri-o-Rorokai, Te Uri-o-Ngongo?
117.KaihuKaihuNgapuhi ?Te Hikutu, Ngati Kerewhati
118.KaitokeKaitokeNgapuhiTe Hikutu
119.HuaHuaTe Rarawa, NgapuhiNgai Tupoto
120.Kiri KotiriaKiri KotiriaNgapuhiTe Hikutu
121.Tamati HapimanaTamati HapimanaNgapuhiNgati Matakiri?
122.Te Kekeao ParateneTe Kekeao ParateneNgapuhiNgati Matakiri,
Te Uritaniwha
123.Taonui[Makoare] TaonuiNgapuhiTe Popoto
124.Daniel KahikaRaniera KahikaNgapuhi 
125.Abraham TautoruAperahama Tautoru [Taonui?]NgapuhiTe Popoto?
126.Kaitoke MuriwhaiKaitoke MuriwaiNgapuhiTe Popoto? Te Hikutu, Ngati Pare, Ngati Kawhare?
127.Te NaihiTe Naihi/Te Maihi? [Rotohiko? Te ]NgapuhiNgati Uru? Te Popoto?
128.TahuaTahua [Wiremu Hopihona?]Ngapuhi ?Te Popoto?
129.Te TuhuTe Tuhu/Te Tohu?NgapuhiTe Ihu Tai?
130.NgaroNgaroNgapuhi ?Patupo, Ngati Toro
131.Rawiri MutuRawiri MutuNgapuhi ?Te Ihu Tai, Ngati Whiu, Te Uri Taniwha? Ngati Hua
132.Wiremu WhangaroaWiremu WhangaroaNgapuhi, Te RoroaNgati Pou
133.Timoti TakariTimoti Takari [Takiri?]Te RoroaNgati Pou
134.Hamiora MatangiHamiora MatangiNgapuhiTe Popoto?
135.Arama HongiArama HongiNgapuhiNgati Uru
136.Haimona TaurangaHaimona TaurangaNgapuhiNgati Tama
137.Te Kure Kotoria?Te Kure Kotiria ?/Te Kuri?Ngapuhi?Ngai Tu?
138.Heremaia?Heremaia Te Kuri?Ngapuhi?Ngai Tu?
139.Pi[Arama Karaka] PiNgapuhiTe Mahurehure
140.Repa MangoRepa MangoNgapuhi?Matapungarehu?
141.Maunga RongoMaunga RongoNgapuhi?Ngati Uru?
142.Wiremu ManuWiremu ManuNgapuhi? 
143.TakahoreaTakahoreaNgapuhiNgahengahe
144.WakanauWakanau/Whakanau /Hokamau?Ngapuhi?/Te Rarawa?Ngati Hine?
145.Mohi TawaiMohi TawhaiNgapuhifrom Waima. Te Mahurehure, Te Uri Kaiwhare, Te Uri-o-te-Aho, Ngai Tupoto, Ngati Hau
146.Timoti MitoTimoti MitoNgapuhiTe Kohatutaka
     
147.Hamiora PaikorahaHamiora Paikoraha/ Hamiora PaekorahaTe RoroaNgati Pakau
148.Huna TuhekiHuna Tuheke/ Huna TahekeNgapuhiNgati Pakau, at Te Taheke
149.PeroPero/Paro?Ngapuhi? 
150.Wiremu KingiWiremu KingiNgapuhi? Te Rarawa?Ngati Rehia? Ngati Korokoro?

Signed on 4 March 1840, at Karaka Bay, Tamaki, witnessed by Joseph Nias, Henry Williams and William Thomas Fairburn

151.WiremuHoeteWiremu HoeteNga Paoa? 
152.HokopaHakopaNgati Paoa? 
153.Te AwaTe Awa/Awha?Ngati Paoa? 
154.Te TapuruTe TapuruNgati Paoa? 
155.Te TitahaTe TitahaNgati Paoa? 
156.Kahu Kote[Te Karamu?] KahukotiNgati Paoa 
157.RuingaRuingaNgati Paoa 
158.HohepaHohepaNgati Paoa? 
159.Pouroto[Patara?] PourotoNgati Paoa 
160.InohaInohaNgati Paoa? 
161.HinakiHinakiNgati Paoa? 
162.Keka?Keka/Keha?Ngati Paoa? 
163.PaoraPaora [Tuhaere?]Ngati Whatua?Te Taou?
164.MohiMohiNgati Paoa? 
165.AnaruAnaruNgati Paoa? 
166.WaitangiWaitangiNgati Paoa? 
167.William KorokoroWilliam KorokoroNgapuhi Ngati WaiNgai Tawake Parapuwha, Te Kapotai, Ngare Raumati

Signed on 28 April 1840, at Kaitaia, witnessed by William G. Puckey, John Johnson, H. D. Smart, Richard Taylor and Willoughby Shortland

168.Nopera PanakaraoNopera PanakareaoTe RarawaTe Patu
169.Paora NgaruweParaone NgaruheTe Aupouri 
170.Wiremu WirehanaWiremu WirehanaTe Rarawa? 
171.RimuRimuTe Rarawa? 
172.Himona TangataHimona TangataTe Rarawa? 
173.Matenga PaerataMatenga PaerataTe RarawaTe Patukoraha
174.Rapata WakahohoRapata Wakahoho/ Rapata Whakahoki?Te Rarawa? 
175.Hare Popata WahaHare Popata WahaTe Rarawa Ngati KahuKaitote, Te Patukoraha, Ngai Taranga
176.TanaTana/ Taua [Te Wheinga?]Te Rarawa?Te Patukoraha
177.TaitimuWiki TaitimuTe Aupouri 
178.Matiu HuhuMatiu HuhuTe Aupouri Te Rarawa 
179.TokitahiTokitahi  
180.Paratene WaioraParatene WaioraTe Aupouri 
181.Rapiti RehurehuRapiti Rehurehu/Raharuhi  
182.Koroneho PupuKoroneho Pupu  
183.Piripi RaoraoPiripi Raorao  
184.KopaKopa/KapaTe Aupouri 
185.Meinata HongiMeinata Hongi  
186.OtopiOtopi  
187.PaetaiPaetai  
188.Marama/MaiapiaMarama?Te Rarawa?Ngai Takoto?
189.Paratene KaruhuriParatene Karuhuri  
190.Tamati PawauTamati Pawau  
191.Rehana TeiraReihana TeiraTe Rarawa?from Maunganui. Te Patukoraha
192.Watene PatongaWatene Patonga  
193.Wiremu NgaraeWiremu Ngarae  
194.Hohepa PoutamaHohepa Poutama  
195.Harematenga KawaHare Matenga KawaTe Rarawa?Te Patukoraha?
196.Kingi KohuruKingi Kohuru  
197.Matiu TauharaMatiu TauharaNgati Kahu, Te Roroa 
198.Hamiona PotakaHamiona/Hamiora Potaka  
199.HuwatahiHuwatahi/Huatahi [Heteraka?]Ngati Kuri? 
200.Marakae MawaeMarakae Mawae/ Marakai Mawai  
201.Utika HuUtika Hu/ Uti Kahu  
202.Hare HuruHare Huru/ HuhuNgati Kahu? Te Aupouri? Ngapuhi?Parapuwha?
203.Tamati MutawaTamati Mutawa  
204.HauonaHauona/Hauorafrom Knuckle Point 
205.TomoTomo  
206.PuhipiPuhipi [Te Ripi]Te RarawaTe Pukepoto, Ahipara
207.EreonoraEreonora  
208.PoauPoau/Poari [Te Mahanga]Te Rarawa?Te Pukepoto, Ahipara
209.RawiriRawiriTe Rarawa 
210.Kepa WahaKepa Waha  
211.Koroniria NuauKoroniria Nuau [Haunui]  
212.NgareNgare  
213.Harniora TawariHarniora Tawari  
214.WitiWhitiTe Rarawaat Awanui
215.RuanuiRuanui  
216.HaunuiHaunui  
217.KuriKuriTe Aupouri Te Rarawa 
218.KawarakiKawaraki  
219.Rawiri AwarauRawiri AwarauTe Rarawa?Te Patukoraha?
220.RuRu  
221.PapanuiPapanui  
222.Hakaraia KohangaHakaraia Kohanga  
223.KawaheitikiKawaheitiki/ Kawahutiki  
224.Pera KamukamuPera Kamukamu  
225.Karaka KawauKaraka Kawau  
226.Paora HoiPaora Hoi  
227.Hirniona WaiuoraHirniona Waiuora/ Himiona Whareora  
228.AperahamaAperahama from Oruru

Signed at the Bay of Islands(?), date unknown

229.Te TaraTe TaraNgati Wai?Ngati Manu from Kawakawa
230.PiherePihereNgati Wai?Ngati Manu from Kawakawa

Signed on 9 July 1840, at [Karaka Bay?] Tamaki, witnessed by David Rough, George Clarke Snr and John Johnson; said to be 'Thames natives from Wharekawa'

231.Karamu?Karamu?Ngati Paoa? 
232.KupengaTe KupengaNgati Paoa 
233.NgahukaNgahukaNgati Paoa 
234.Te RangiTe RangiNgapuhi?Parapuwha?
235.Nga ManuNga ManuNgati Paoa? 
236.Raro MaruRaro MaruNgati Paoa? 
237.Te HangiTe HangiNgati Paoa? 

Signed on 5 August 1840, at Russell, witnessed by George Clarke Snr, James Coates and James S. Freeman

238.HakeHakeNgapuhiTe Urikapana
239.KanawaTe KanawaNgapuhi?Te Urikapana Ngati Hauata
240.Kaniwa?Te Kaniwa/Kauwa