Henry Williams Treaty copy

Use the tool bar at the bottom of this interactive to zoom in and navigate. The drop down menu at the top lists the names of those who signed this copy of the Treaty - choosing a name takes you to their signature on the document.

Henry Williams copy of the Treaty

Henry Williams, the translator of the Treaty of Waitangi, left the Bay of Islands on 2 April with two Maori-language copies of the document. He left one with his brother William Williams at Turanga (Gisborne) on 8 April. He arrived at Port Nicholson (Wellington) in mid-April, but for 10 days he could not persuade chiefs to sign. A meeting was finally arranged on Williams's schooner Ariel on 29 April, and 39 chiefs signed. Another 34 signed at Queen Charlotte Sound and Rangitoto (D'Urville Island).

In May, Williams received the agreement of chiefs at Otaki, Waikanae, in the Manawatu, at Wanganui and Motu Ngarara, a small island off Kapiti Island. He had intended to take the copy to Otago, but plans were already in hand for getting the agreement of South Island chiefs.

The copy has the names of several women: Kahe Te Rau-o-te-rangi (4), Rangi Topeora (78) and Rere-o-maki (120). It is possible that other women may have signed, for example Pakewa (33) and Kehu (86), the name that the mother of Wiremu Kingi Te Rangitake was known by.

Williams returned to the Bay of Islands with 132 signatures, all prefixed by 'Te tohu o' (The sign of). This copy differs from others. It is carefully set out within a double border, and the text is in three columns with explanatory symbols and marks indicating which are the principal chiefs of different tribes. The signature of Lieutenant-Governor William Hobson is genuine but shaky, reflecting his illness at the time.

  Signed as Probable name Tribe Hapu

 

Signed on 29 April, on Ariel at Port Nicholson (Wellington), witnessed by Henry Williams and George Thomas Clayton

1. Tuarau Tuarau Te Ati Awa Ngati Tawhirikura
2. Te Hiko-o-te-rangi Te Hiko-o-te-rangi Ngati Toa Ngati Rarua, Ngati Te Manu
3. Tungia Tungia Ngati Toa Ngati Te Maunu
4. Kahe Kahe [Te Rau-o-te-rangi] Ngati Toa  
5. Te Ware Pouri Te Wharepouri [Te Kakapi-o-te-rangi] Te Ati Awa Ngati Tawhirikura, Ngati Te Whiti
6. Matangi Matangi Te Ati Awa Ngati Te Whiti
7. Te Tarenga Kuri Te Taringa Kuri [Te Kaeaea] Ngati Tama  
8. Te Wakakeko [Noa] Te Whakakeko Ngati Tama from Kaiwharawhara
9. Porutu [Ihaia] Porutu Te Ati Awa Te Matehou?
10. Ngatata [Wi Tako] Ngatata-i-te-rangi Te Ati Awa, Taranaki Ngati Te Whiti
11. Te Puakawe Te Puakawe Te Ati Awa? Te Matehou?
12. Napuna 1. Ngapuna; 2. [Mohi] Ngaponga 1 Te Ati Awa 2 Taranaki 1. Te Matehou; 2. Ngati Haumia
13. Wairarapa [Wiremu Kingi] Wairarapa Te Ati Awa Te Matehou
14. Mohiroa [Te Ropiha] Moturoa Te Ati Awa Te Matehou
15. Te Tute Te Tute [Hone Tutenuku?] Te Ati Awa? Ngati Tawhirikura?
16. Ingo [Takutu] Ingo Te Ati Awa Te Matehou
17. Paka [Pamarihi?] Paka Te Ati Awa? Ngati Tawhirikura?
18. Te Wakatauranga Te Wakatauranga/ Whakatauranga? Ngati Tama from Kaiwharawhara
19. Hore Hori [Pakihi?] Ngati Tama? Ngati Rangi?
20. Pani Pani [Wharetiti?] Ngati Tama Ngati Rongonui
21. Rawi Rawi    
22. Kopiri [Hohepa?] Kopiri Te Ati Awa Te Matehou
23. Wanga [Rota?] Wanganga? Ngati Tama  
24. Ngapapa [Te Keepa] Ngapapa Ngati Tama  
25. Reihana Reweti Reihana Reweti Nga Puhi?  
26. Patuhiki Patuhiki Te Ati Awa?  
27. Te Huka Te Huka    
28. Te Kahu [Hoani] Te Iwi-Kahu Te Ati Awa Te Matehou
29. Kopeka [Harawira] Kopeka Te Ati Awa Ngati Tawhirikura
30. Rerewa Rerewha Te Ati Awa Ngati Tawhirikura
31. Te Puni [Honiana] Te Puni-kokopu Te Ati Awa Ngati Te Whiti, Ngati Tawhirikura
32. Tuhoto Tuhatu [Moengarangatira] Te Ati Awa Ngati Tawhirikura
33. Pakewa Pakewa Te Ati Awa? Puketapu?
34. Popuka Popuka [Makere] Te Ati Awa Ngati Te Whiti, Ngati Tawhirikura

Signed on 4 May 1840, in Queen Charlotte Sound, witnessed by Henry Williams and George Thomas Clayton 37

35. Toheroa [Te Manu?] Toheroa Te Ati Awa? Ngati Komako of Puketapu?
36. Rewa Rewa/Rewha? Ngati Toa?  
37. Watino [Rawiri] Watino Te Ati Awa?  
38. Te Tupe Eruini Te Tupe Te Ati Awa  Ngati Rahiri
39. Tiaho Tiaho/Te Aho?    
40. Tikaukau Tikaokao? Ngati Tama?  
41. Te Orakaka Te Orakaka    
42. Tuterapouri Tuterapouri?    
43. Te Tirarau Te Tirarau Ngati Mutunga Ngati Hinetuhi
44. Ngaoranga Nga-oranga?    
45. Hone Hone    
46. Inana Inana    
47. Kaparangi Kaparangi / Kapurangi? Ngati Rarua?  
48. Tapotuku Tapotuku    

Signed on 5 May 1840, in Queen Charlotte Sound, witnessed by Henry Williams and George Thomas Clayton

49. Huriwenua Huriwhenua Te Ati Awa Ngati Rahiri
50. Taukina [Paora] Taukina Te Ati Awa Ngati Rahiri
51. Iwikau [Pitama] Te Iwikau? Te Ati Awa?  
52. Punga Punga    
53. Te Rangowaka Te Rangowaka    
54. Nga Kirikiri Nga Kirikiri    
55. Potiki Potiki    
56. Nga Taraheke Nga Taraheke    
57. Anara Anara    
58. Pikau Pikau    
59. Te Uapiki Te Uapiki    
60. Maru Maru    
61. Karaka Karaka    

Signed on 11 May 1840, at Rangitoto (D'Urville Island), witnessed by Henry Williams and George Thomas Clayton

62. Te Wetu Te Whetu    
63. Pari Pari    
64. Taropiko Taropiko    
65. Te Putete [Turi] Te Patete Ngati Koata  
66. Te Rangiahua Te Rangiahua    
67. Tahanui Tahanui    
68. Orokaka Orokaka    
69. Toitoi Toitoi    
70. Te Muho Te Muho    
71. Te Ipukohu Te Ipukohu    
72. Te Tihi Te Tihi Tawhirikura    
73. Huia Huia    
74. Nukumai Nukumai    

Signed on 14 May 1840 [at Kapiti?], witnessed by Henry Williams and Octavius Hadfield

75. Te Rauparaha Te Rauparaha Ngati Toa Ngati Kimihia
76. Katu Katu [Tamehana Te Rauparaha] Ngati Toa Ngati Kimihia
77. Te Wiwi [Henare Matene] Te Whiwhi Ngati Raukawa Ngati Huia, Ngati Kikopiri
78. Topeora Rangi Topeora [Kuini Wikitoria] Ngati Toa Ngati Kimihia, Ngati Te Maunu

Signed on 19 May 1840 [at Otaki?], witnessed by Henry Williams and Octavius Hadfield

79. Te Ruru [Aperahama?] Te Ruru Ngati Raukawa Ngati Huia
80. Matia Matia Ngati Raukawa  
81. Kiharoa Kiharoa [Kihaoro] Ngati Raukawa Ngati Pane, Ngati Turanga
82. Te Puke [Hori Kingi?] Te Puke Ngati Raukawa Ngati Waihurehia?
83. Toremi [Horomona] Toremi Ngati Raukawa, Rangitane  
84. Te Ahoaho Te Ahoaho Ngati Raukawa?  
85. Tahurangi Tahurangi    
86. Kehu Te Kehu [Te Whetu-o-te-ao?] Te Ati Awa?  

Signed on 21 May 1840, at Tawhirihoe pa, between the Rangitikei and Manawatu rivers, witnessed by Henry Williams and Octavius Hadfield

87. Te Hakeke Kawana Te Hakeke Ngati Apa  
88. Taumaru Taumaru Ngati Apa  
89. Mahi [Mohi] Mahi Ngati Apa  

Signed on 26 May 1840, in the Manawatu district, witnessed by Henry Williams and Octavius Hadfield

90. Te Ota [Wi] Te Otaota? Ngati Te Upokoiri Ngati Pakau, Ngati Tumania?
91. Paturoa [Rawiri?] Pateroa Ngati Te Upokoiri Te Paneiri
92. Te Tohe Te Tohi/Te Tohu? Ngati Te Upokoiri?  
93. Te Wetu Te Whetu Ngati Raukawa? Ngati Te lhiihi?
94. Tauheke Taueki /Tauheke Muaupoko, Ngati Apa  
95. Pakau [Wi Hape] Pakau/Pakao? Te Ati Awa Ngati Te Whiti, Ngati Tawhirikura, Ngati Te Waiponga
96. Witiopai Whitiopai    

Signed on 16 May 1840, at Waikanae, witnessed by Henry Williams and Octavius Hadfield

97. Reretauwangawanga Te Rere-ta-whangawhanga Te Ati Awa Manukorihi
98. Witi Whiti [Wiremu Kingi Te Rangitake] Te Ati Awa Ngati Kura, Ngati Mutunga
99. Te Patukekeno Te Patukekino/ Te Patukaikino? Te Ati Awa?  
100. Ngaraurekau Ngaraurekau Te Ati Awa?  
101. Te Heke Te Heke Te Ati Awa?  
102. Tuamane Tuamane    
103. Ngapuke 1 Ngapuke
2 Ngapaki?
1 Te Ati Awa?
2 Ngati Raukawa?
 
104. Te Patukakariki [Wiremu?] Te Patukakariki Te Ati Awa, Ngati Toa? Ngati Tuaho, Ngati Tihina?
105. Ngakaue Ngakaue/Ngakawe?    
106. Pukerangiora Pukerangiora    
107. Kukutai Kukutai Te Ati Awa?  
108. Koinaki Koinaki Te Ati Awa?  
109. Raranga Raranga Te Ati Awa?  
110. Hohepa Matahau Hohepa [Ripahau] Matahau Ngati Raukawa?  
111. Kiha Kiha Te Ati Awa?  
112. Hiangarere Hiangarere Te Ati Awa?  
113. Hurerua Hurerua Te Ati Awa?  
114. Te Wehi Te Wehi Te Ati Awa?  
115. Pehi Pehi Te Ati Awa?  
116. Ketetakere Ketetakere Te Ati Awa?  

Signed on 23 May 1840, at Wanganui, witnessed by Henry Williams and Octavius Hadfield

117. Te Anaua [Hori Kingi] Te Anaua Te Ati Haunui-a-Paparangi Ngati Ruaka
118. Tawito Tawhito [-o-te-rangi] Te Ati Haunui-a-Paparangi Ngati Ruaka
119. Te Mawae Te Mawae Te Ati Haunui-a-Paparangi Ngati Ruaka
120. Rere Rere-o-maki 1 Te Ati Haunui-a-Paparangi 2 Te Arawa 1 Ngati Ruaka
121. Te Tauri [Wiremu?] Te Tauri Ngati Tuwharetoa? Ngati Te Rangi-ita?
122. Rore Rore Te Ati Haunui-a-Paparangi?  
123. Turoa [Te Peehi?] Turoa Te Ati Haunui-a-Paparangi  
124. Taka Taka Te Ati Haunui-a-Paparangi?  
125. Kurawatiia Kurawatiia/ Kurawhatiia? Te Ati Haunui-a-Paparangi?  
126. Te Rangiwakarurua Te Rangawakarurua/ Te Rangiwhakarurua? Te Ati Haunui-a-Paparangi?  

Signed on 31 May 1840, at Wanganui, witnessed by Henry Williams and Octavius Hadfield

127. Uripo Uripo Te Ati Haunui-a-Paparangi?  
128. Te Hiko Te Hiko Te Ati Haunui-a-Paparangi?  
129. Takaterangi Taka Te Rangi/ Takarangi Te Ati Haunui-a-Paparangi  
130. Pakoro Pakoro [Turoa?] Te Ati Haunui-a-Paparangi  

Signed on 4 June 1840, at Motungarara, witnessed by Henry Williams and George Thomas Clayton

131. Te Rangihiroa Te Rangihiroa Ngati Toa Ngati Te Maunu
132. Te Ohu Te Ohu Te Ati Awa?