Henry Williams Treaty copy

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Henry Williams copy of the Treaty

Henry Williams, the translator of the Treaty of Waitangi, left the Bay of Islands on 2 April 1840 with two Māori-language copies of the document. He left one with his brother William Williams at Tūranga (Gisborne) on 8 April. He arrived at Port Nicholson (Wellington) in mid-April, but for 10 days he could not persuade chiefs to sign. A meeting was finally arranged on the schooner Ariel on 29 April, and 39 chiefs signed. Another 34 signed at Queen Charlotte Sound and Rangitoto ki te Tonga (D’Urville Island).

In May, Williams received the agreement of chiefs at Ōtaki, Waikanae, in the Manawatū, at Wanganui and Motu Ngārara, a small island off Kāpiti Island. He had planned to take the copy to Otago, but plans were already arranged for gaining the agreement of South Island chiefs.

The copy has the names of several women: Kahe Te Rau-o-te-rangi (4), Rangi Topeora (78) and Rere-ō-maki (120). It is possible that other women may have signed, for example Pākewa (33) and Kehu (86), the name that the mother of Wiremu Kīngi Te Rangitāke was known by.

Williams returned to the Bay of Islands with 132 signatures, all with ‘Te tohu o’ (The sign of) written in front of the names. This copy is different from others. It is carefully set out within a double border, and the text is in three columns with symbols and marks to show the principal chiefs of different tribes. The signature of Lieutenant-Governor William Hobson is genuine but shaky, due to his illness at the time.

Sheet 8 — The Cook Strait (Henry Williams) Sheet
Sign ordersort descending Signed as Probable Name Tribe Hapū Signing Occasion
1 Tuarau Tuarau Te Āti Awa Ngāti Tawhirikura Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
2 Te Hiko-o-te-rangi Te Hiko-o-te-rangi Ngāti Toa, Te Āti Awa Ngāti Rārua, Ngāti Te Manu Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
3 Tungia Tūngia Ngāti Toa Ngāti Te Maunu Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
4 Kahe Kahe Te Rau-o-te-rangi Ngāti Toa Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
6 Matangi Matangi Te Āti Awa Ngāti Te Whiti Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
7 Te Tarenga Kuri Te Kāeaea/Te Taringa Kurī Ngāti Tama Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
8 Te Whakakeko Noa Te Whakakeko Ngāti Tama Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
9 Porutu Te Rira Porutu Te Āti Awa Te Matehou? Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
10 Ngatata Ngātata-i-te-rangi Te Āti Awa, Taranaki Ngāti Te Whiti Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
11 Te Puakawe Te Puakawe Te Āti Awa Te Matehou? Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
12 Napuna Mohi Ngaponga Taranaki Ngāti Haumia Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
13 Wairarapa Wiremu Kīngi Wairarapa Te Āti Awa Te Matehou Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
14 Mohiroa Te Ropiha Moturoa Te Āti Awa Te Matehou Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
15 Te Tute Hone Tutenuku? Te Āti Awa? Ngāti Tawhirikura? Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
16 Ingo Takutu Ingo Te Āti Awa Te Matehou Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
17 Paka Pākau Te Āti Awa? Ngāti Tawhirikura? Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
18 Te Wakatauranga Te Wakatauranga/Te Whakatauranga? Ngāti Tama Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
19 Hore Hori Pakihi Ngāti Tama? Ngāti Rangi? Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
20 Pani Pani Ngāti Tama Ngāti Rongonui Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
21 Rawi Rawi Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
22 Kopiri Hohepa Kōpiri Te Āti Awa Te Matehou Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
23 Whanga Whanga Ngāti Tama Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
24 Ngapapa Te Keepa Ngāpapa Ngāti Tama Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
25 Reihana Reweti Reihana Rēweti Ngāpuhi? Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
26 Patuhiki Patuhiki Te Āti Awa? Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
27 Te Huka Te Huka Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
28 Te Kahu Te Iwi-Kahu Te Āti Awa Te Matehou Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
29 Kopeka Harawira Kōpeka Te Āti Awa Ngāti Tawhirikura Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
30 Rerewa Rerewa Te Āti Awa Ngāti Tawhirikura Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
31 Te Puni Hōniana Te Puni-kokopu Te Āti Awa Ngāti Te Whiti, Ngāti Tawhirikura Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
32 Tuhatu Tūhoto (Moengarangātira) Te Ati Awa Ngāti Tawhirikura Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
33 Pakewa Pākewa Te Āti Awa? Puketapu? Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
34 Popuka Popuka Te Āti Awa Ngāti Te Whiti, Ngāti Tawhirikura Port Nicholson, 29 April 1840
35 Toheroa Toheroa Ngāti Tama, Te Āti Awa? Ngāti Komako Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
36 Rewa Rewa Ngāi Tahu Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
37 Watino Whatimo Te Āti Awa? Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
38 Te Tupe Eruini Te Tupe Te Ati Awa Ngāti Rāhiri Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
39 Tiaho Tiaho Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
40 Tikaukau Tī Kaukau Ngāti Tama? Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
41 Te Orakaka Te Orakaka Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
42 Tuterapouri Tu-Te-Rā-Pourī Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
43 Te Tirarau Te Tirarau Kukupa Ngāti Mutunga Ngāti Hinetuhi Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
44 Ngaoranga Ngā-oranga Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
45 Hone Hōne Ropoama Te One Te Āti Awa Ngāti Tuaho, Ngāti Hinga Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
46 Inana Īnanga Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
47 Kaparangi Kaparangi Ngāti Rārua? Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
48 Tapotuku Tapotuku Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
49 Huriwenua Huriwhenua Te Āti Awa Ngāti Rahiri Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
50 Taukina Paora Taukina Te Āti Awa Ngāti Rahiri Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
51 Iwikau Pitama Te Iwikau Te Āti Awa? Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
52 Punga Punga Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
53 Te Rangowaka Te Rangowaka Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
54 Nga Kirikiri Ngā Kirikiri Queen Charlotte Sound, 5 May 1840
55 Potiki Wiremu Pōtiki Ngāi Tahu, Ngāti Waitaha Ngāti Ruahikihiki Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
56 Nga Taraheke Ngā Taraheke Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
57 Anara Ānaru Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
58 Pikau Pīkau Ngāti Toa? Ngāti Te Maunu? Ngāti Kuri? Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
59 Te Uapiki Te Uapiki Te Āti Awa Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
60 Maru Maru Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
61 Karaka Karaka Queen Charlotte Sound, 4-5 May 1840
62 Te Wetu Te Whetū Ngāti Raukawa Ngāti Te Ihi Ihi Rangitoto, 11 May 1840
63 Pari Pari Rangitoto, 11 May 1840
64 Taropiko Taropiko Rangitoto, 11 May 1840
65 Te Patete Turi Te Pātete Ngāti Kōata Rangitoto, 11 May 1840
66 Te Rangiahua Te Rangiahua Rangitoto, 11 May 1840
67 Tahanui Tahanui Rangitoto, 11 May 1840
68 Orokaka Orokaka Rangitoto, 11 May 1840
69 Toitoi Toitoi Ngāti Toa? Rangitoto, 11 May 1840
70 Te Muho Te Muho/Te Mako Ngati Kōata? Rangitoto, 11 May 1840
71 Te Ipukohu Te Ipukohu Rangitoto, 11 May 1840
72 Te Tihi Te Tihi Tawhirikura Rangitoto, 11 May 1840
73 Huia Huia Rangitoto, 11 May 1840
74 Nukumai Nukumai Rangitoto, 11 May 1840
75 Te Rauparaha Te Rauparaha Ngāti Toa Ngāti Kimihia Kapiti?, 14 May 1840
76 Katu Tāmihana Te Rauparaha Ngāti Toa Ngāti Kimihia Kapiti?, 14 May 1840
77 Te Wiwi Hēnare Mātene Te Whiwhi Ngāti Raukawa Ngāti Huia, Ngāti Kikopiri Kapiti?, 14 May 1840
78 Topeora Rangi Te Kuini Topeora Ngāti Toa Ngāti Te Maunu, Ngāti Kimihia Kapiti?, 14 May 1840
79 Te Ruru Āperahama Te Ruru Ngāti Raukawa Ngāti Huia Ōtaki?, 19 May 1840
80 Matia Matia Matenga Ngāti Raukawa Ngāti Pare Ōtaki?, 19 May 1840
81 Kiharoa Te Moroati Kiharoa Ngāti Raukawa Ngāti Pane, Ngāti Turanga Ōtaki?, 19 May 1840
82 Te Puke Kīngi Hōri Te Puke Ngāti Raukawa Ngāti Pare, Ngāti Waihurehia Ōtaki?, 19 May 1840
83 Toremi Horomona Toremi Ngāti Raukawa, Rangitāne Ōtaki?, 19 May 1840
84 Te Ahoaho Kīngi Te Ahoaho Ngāti Raukawa? Ōtaki?, 19 May 1840
85 Tahurangi Ihākara Tahurangi Ōtaki?, 19 May 1840
86 Kehu Te Kehu (Te Whetu-o-te-ao) Te Āti Awa Ōtaki?, 19 May 1840
87 Te Hakeke Kawana Hunia Te Hākeke Rangitāne, Ngāti Apa, Muaūpoko, Ngā Ariki, Ngāi Tapuiti Ngāti Kura, Ngāti Kitohu, Ngāti Maikuku, Ngāti Pouwhenua Tawhirihoe, 21 May 1840
88 Taumaru Hamuera Taumaru Ngāti Apa Tawhirihoe, 21 May 1840
89 Mahi Mohi Mahi Ngāti Apa Tawhirihoe, 21 May 1840
90 Te Ota Wiremu Te Ota Rangitāne, Ngāti Kahungunu Ngāti Pākau, Ngāti Te Upokoiri, Ngāti Hinemanu, Ngāti Tumania? Manawatū, 26 May 1840
91 Paturoa Rawiri Paturoa Te Paneiri, Ngāti Te Upokoiri Manawatū, 26 May 1840
92 Te Tohe Te Tohe Ngāti Te Upokoiri? Manawatū, 26 May 1840
93 Te Wetu Te Whetū Ngāti Raukawa? Ngāti Te Ihi Ihi? Manawatū, 26 May 1840
94 Tauheke Taueki Ngāti Apa Muaūpoko Manawatū, 26 May 1840
95 Pakau Wi Hape Pākau Te Āti Awa Ngāti Te Whiti, Ngāti Tawhirikura, Ngāti Te Waiponga Manawatū, 26 May 1840
96 Witiopai Whitiopai Ngāti Raukawa Manawatū, 26 May 1840
97 Reretauwangawanga Te Rere-tā-whangawhanga Te Āti Awa Manukorihi Waikanae, 16 May 1840
98 Witi Wiremu Kīngi Te Rangitāke Te Āti Awa Ngāti Kura, Ngāti Mutunga Waikanae, 16 May 1840
99 Te Patukekeno Te Patu-kēkino Te Āti Awa? Waikanae, 16 May 1840
100 Ngaraurekau Ngā-raurēkau Te Āti Awa? Waikanae, 16 May 1840
101 Te Heke Te Heke Te Āti Awa Patupo Waikanae, 16 May 1840
102 Tuamane Tuainane Te Āti Awa Waikanae, 16 May 1840
103 Ngapuke Ngāpuke/Ngāpaki Te Āti Awa, Ngāti Raukawa? Waikanae, 16 May 1840
104 Te Patukakariki Wiremu Te Patu-kākāriki Te Āti Awa, Ngāti Toa? Ngāti Tuaho, Ngāti Tihina? Waikanae, 16 May 1840
105 Ngakaue Ngākanae? Waikanae, 16 May 1840
106 Pukerangiora Puke-rangiora Waikanae, 16 May 1840
107 Kukutai Paora Kūkūtai Te Āti Awa? Waikanae, 16 May 1840
108 Koinaki Koinaki Te Āti Awa? Waikanae, 16 May 1840
109 Raranga Raranga Te Āti Awa? Waikanae, 16 May 1840
110 Hohepa Matahau Matahau Ngāti Raukawa Waikanae, 16 May 1840
111 Kiha Kiha Te Āti Awa? Waikanae, 16 May 1840
112 Hiangarere Hiangarere Te Āti Awa Waikanae, 16 May 1840
113 Hurerua Urerua? Te Āti Awa? Waikanae, 16 May 1840
114 Te Wehi Te Wehi Te Āti Awa? Waikanae, 16 May 1840
115 Pehi Pēhi Te Āti Awa? Waikanae, 16 May 1840
116 Ketetakere Kete-takere Te Āti Awa? Waikanae, 16 May 1840
117 Te Anaua Hōrī Kīngi Te Anaua Te Āti Haunui-a-Pāpārangi Ngāti Ruaka Whanganui, 23 May 1840
118 Tawito Kāwana Pitiroi Paipai Te Āti Haunui-a-Pāpārangi Ngāti Ruaka Whanganui, 23 May 1840
119 Te Mawae Te Māwae Te Āti Haunui-a-Pāpārangi Ngāti Ruaka Whanganui, 23 May 1840
120 Rere Rere-ō-maki Te Ati Haunui-a-Pāpārangi, Te Arawa Ngāti Ruaka Whanganui, 23 May 1840
121 Te Tauri Wiremu Eruera Te Tauri Ngāti Te Rangi-ita, Ngāti Tūwharetoa, Te Āti Haunui-a-Pāpārangi Whanganui, 23 May 1840
122 Rore Rore Te Āti Haunui-a-Pāpārangi? Whanganui, 23 May 1840
123 Turoa Te Peehi Tūroa Te Āti Haunui-a-Pāpārangi Whanganui, 23 May 1840
124 Taka Taka Te Āti Haunui-a-Pāpārangi? Whanganui, 23 May 1840
125 Kurawatiia Kurawatiia Te Āti Haunui-a-Pāpārangi? Whanganui, 23 May 1840
126 Te Rangiwakarurua Te Rangiwhakarurua Te Āti Haunui-a-Pāpārangi Whanganui, 23 May 1840
127 Uripo Uripō Te Āti Haunui-a-Pāpārangi? Whanganui, 31 May 1840
128 Te Hiko Te Hiko-o-te-rangi Te Āti Haunui-a-Pāpārangi? Whanganui, 31 May 1840
129 Takaterangi Takarangi Te Āti Haunui-a-Pāpārangi Whanganui, 31 May 1840
130 Pakoro Te Pēhi Pakoro Turoa Te Āti Haunui-a-Pāpārangi Whanganui, 31 May 1840
131 Te Rangihiroa Te Rangihīroa Ngāti Toa Ngāti Te Maunu Motungārara, 4 June 1840
132 Te Ohu Te Ohu Te Āti Awa? Ngāti Toa? Motungārara, 4 June 1840